Fractal Compression

Fractal compression is one of the most promising image and video compression techniques due to advantages such as resolution independence and fast decompression. It exploits the fact that natural scenes present self-similarity to remove redundancy and obtain high compression rates with smaller quality degradation when compared to traditional compression methods. The main drawback of fractal compression is its computationally intensive encoding process, due to the need for searching regions with high similarity in the image. Several approaches have been developed to reduce the computational cost of the detection of similar regions.

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